Anal Warts. Postoperative Pain Management. The reasons for performing procedures to remove anal warts and condyloma can range from mild discomfort to a severe pain. The reasons are also based on the location and extent of the disease. Various techniques for treatment include topical medication, excision or cauterization. When excision or cauterizing is performed, patients
Anal Warts. A Visit To The Proctologist. By now, most people have heard of the term anal warts, also known as condyloma acuminata. Anal warts are common and are transmissible. Whether transmitted sexually (STD’s), or in other, non-sexual transmission modes, these small, fleshy lumps are a source of irritation at a minimum, and a possible
The anorectum is a specialized region of the gastrointestinal tract, performing sensory, storage and elimination functions. The mucosal lining in the rectum is columnar. It transitions to a squamous mucosa in the anal canal. It is richly endowed with discriminatory nerve endings to allow the body to distinguish between flatus, liquid and solid waste. While sturdy, the mucosal surfaces are vulnerable to trauma and infections. With or without an anal or rectal injury, sexually transmitted disease may be the source of considerable morbidity. While symptoms may be found in patients with normal immune systems, they are found in increasing frequency in the immunocompromised population. In patients with pre-existing systemic conditions such as AIDS or HIV, common pathogens may take on an even more ominous clinical significance. Part I of this two-part article contains a discussion of the anorectal manifestations of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.
The term Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia (AIN) describes the microscopic finding of dysplastic, non-malignant cells in the anal canal. AIN has been subdivided into AIN I, II, and III, representing low, moderate, and high-grade dysplasia. This dysplasia has been thought to arise as a result of local infection with the Human papillomavirus. The Human papillomavirus is a small double-stranded DNA virus with a diameter of 55 nm. and is encased in a protein capsid. The term AIN has gradually replaced other descriptive terminology such as atypical squamous cells of indeterminate significance (ASCUS), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL).
Squamous cell carcinoma of the anus is the most well known member of an uncommon group of GI neoplasms. The incidence of this tumor has been increasing slowly, with 3,500 cases reported in the United States in 2001, and 5,260 cases reported in 2009.