Colon and rectal polyps are quite common and, for most people, do not cause any symptoms. Your physician will remove these polyps during a scheduled colonoscopy in order to examine them under a microscope and evaluate their potential for becoming malignant. Although the tissue may not always be cancerous, it is better to have it removed and examined to avoid any future life-threatening complications.
If polyps containing cancer cells are found during a rectal exam, a colonoscopy will be performed to locate any additional polyps and remove them from the rest of the colon. Polyps larger than one centimeter in size are more likely to be cancerous.
Even small polyps are removed. Although these tiny polyps take many years to grow they pose very little risk of cancer. This is not the case for those who have inherited polyp syndromes.
Hyperplastic polyps are located within the colon and rectum. These polyps are not likely to develop into cancer. Adenomatous polyps are the type of polyps with malignant potential and are removed during a colonoscopy.
Risks of Polyp Removal
Although complications are rare during a colonoscopy, here are some risks:
• Puncturing the colon.
• Bleeding caused by polyp removal.
• Sedative complications during polyp removal.
• Injury to the spleen.
Making sure to keep up with regular colon screening in order to prevent colon polyps from becoming cancerous.
If you are someone who has had several colon polyps in Beverly Hills removed, regular follow-up exams may be necessary. Make sure to talk to your doctor to figure out what kind of follow-up schedule works best for you.
Continued Treatment if Condition Worsens
Sometimes, larger polyps found within the rectum will need to be surgically removed. These larger polyps have a high risk of becoming cancer and cannot be removed through a regular colonoscopy.
If cancer is found in any of the polyps removed, you will begin treatment for colorectal cancer.